PLAN:
INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………...3
PART I. CLASSIFICATION OF ENGLISH CONSONANTS………………...4
1.2 Peculiarities of Russian phonetic system……………………………….6
1.3 Kazakh phonetic system…………………………………………………8
1.4 Theory of syngarmonism in the Kazakh language…………………...10
Part II. DIFFERENCES IN THE ARTICULATION BASES OF THE ENGLISH, RUSSIAN AND KAZAKH CONSONANTS……………………..13
2.1 Articulatory bases of consonant letters………………………………..14
2.2 Phonological differences between English, Russian and Kazakh……17
2.3 Phonological analysis of English, Russian and Kazakh languages….18
2.4 Differences in the articulation bases  of English, Russian and Kazakh
Vowels……………………………………………………………………….21
CONCLUSION…………………………………………………………………..25
LITERATURE…………………………………………………………………...26





INTRODUCTION
Articulatory differences between vowels, consonants and sonorants depend on the 3 articulatory criteria:
1. the presence or absence of an articulation abstraction to the air stream in the larynx or the super glottal cavities.
2. The concentrated or defused character or muscular tension
3. The force of exhalation.
On the basis of this criteria cons-s may be defined as sounds in the production of which:
1 there is an articulatory abstraction to the air stream
2 muscular tension is concentrated in the place of abstraction
3 exhaling force is rather strong.
Vowels may be defined as sounds in the production of which there is:
a) no artic abstraction to the air stream
b) muscular tension is defused
c) the exhalation force is rather weak.
Sonorants are sounds intermediate between noise cons-s and vowels, because they have features common to both. There is an obstruction but not narrow enough to produce noise. Muscular tension is concentrated in the place of obstruction but the exhaling force is rather weak. E sonorants are: [m, n, l, r, w,  j, ŋ].
Speech sounds according to its physical nature are vibratory movements of air environment evoked by teh resonant body (speech organs).
    Acoustics of speech forms from the science about types of vibratory movements and a tembre, and also about pitch, intensiveness and duration of sound; classification of speech sound on teh basis of acoustical indications.
    Speech sounds divides into musical (they called also by tones0 and non-musical (they called noises).
    Speech sounds differs from each other by the pitch, force and duration adn also by tembre. Pitch of sound defined by number of vibratory in units of time. For vowels  o  and  y  pitch is equal to 400 gtz, for  a  it’ss consist of already about 800 gtz. In speech pitch of voice depends on length and strained of voice copula.
    Force of sound defined by the swing (amplitude) of vibratory. From the point of perception by the hearing aid of sound is called loudliness which defines not only by the strengtherning of wave but with hightness also, sounds of similiar force, but various heightness is percepted as sounds of various loudiness. Force of the sound has great meaning for the clearness in rendering and perception of speech, at the definition of the stress type.
    Sound of speech acoustically is compound, because it contains not only the main tones but sounding-boarded tones.
In this paper I will contempt some peculiarities of English, Russian and Kazakh consonant systems. At the same time it will be analyzed the differences and similarities in the articulatory bases of the consonants of these three languages.