I. GENERAL NOTION OF PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES
1.1 Problems of prepositional phrases
1.2 Classification of prepositional phrases
II. PECULIARITIES OF PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES IN ENGLISH, KAZAKH AND RUSSIAN
2.1 Forms and usage of prepositional phrases
2.2 Comparative analysis of prepositional phrases in English, Kazakh and Russian
This diploma thesis deals with peculiarities of English prepositional phrases in compare with Russian and Kazakh ones. Even though this field is said to be one of the most confusing aspects of English, I am convinced that researching this can be successful, by using the appropriate strategies. Thus, the main aim of this diploma paper is to introduce the most important rules for peculiarities of prepositional phrases in English, Kazakh and Russian, forms and usage of prepositional phrases.
This diploma thesis has two basic parts. The first part is based on general notion of prepositional phrases, problems of prepositional phrases, classification of prepositional phrases.
The other part of the paper is based on the outcomes of the research. It deals with the comparative analysis of prepositional phrases in English, Kazakh and Russian.
Prepositional phrases have not been much studied in traditional lexical semantics compared to the large amount of work devoted to verbs and to nouns. They nevertheless play a very important role in semantics and have many connections with most of the other syntactic categories. They have been, however, extensively studied in psycho-linguistics, in particular spatial prepositional phrases.
In a sentence prepositional phrases show the relation of one word to another word. Prepositional phrases require an object to complete them, typically a noun or a pronoun. A preposition and its object is called a prepositional phrase.
Prepositional phrases do not change form.
Prepositional phrases are not without evaluation challenges. For instance, a preposition paired with a verb is called a phrasal verb; a preposition can follow, rather than precede its object.
A workbook series called Easy Grammar takes advantage of prepositional phrases in sentence mark-up. You can read about how to plan Easy Grammar at donnayoung.org.
The advantage of being able to recognize prepositional phrases in sentences is that neither the subject nor the verb will ever be a part of the prepositional phrase. Consider this sentence: "The coat on the chair is mine." If we eliminate the prepositional phrase, "on the chair" then we can easily see that coat is the subject and is is the verb.
"The coat on the chair is mine."
An activity to learn prepositional phrases is playing preposition bingo. This game was devised by the author of the Easy Grammar series. There are additional printable bingo cards on this web-site on the Preposition Bingo page. Another activity that my children and I would do is to make up prepositional phrases. Using the list of prepositional phrases or our memory, we would make up phrases for the words such as:
after the fall
behind my chair
beyond the sunset
amid the crowd
The twenty prepositional phrases groups immediately below them on the list Ogden prefers to call directives because they handle positional and directional relationships. This can be demonstrated if they are first used spatially. They are separated alphabetically from the other preposition-adverbs on the list for this reason. A large number of the uses of these often trouble-making little words can become intelligible when they are introduced as pointers to positions or directions of things that can be seen or acts that an be performed.
Discerned in the Modern English problems and differences from the French languages, exact the all variety of complications in the grammatical prepositional phrases. They reflect only the fundamental, the most typical situations. Every grammatical prepositional phrases should pay attention to the prepositional phrases. English and Russian lexical systems are so different that they demand the special approach to the preposition of each grammatical forms to its contextual meaning.
The object of research - To reproduce the general impression in corresponding key, produced by the original, by choosing and placing the grammatical prepositional phrases in English, Russian and Kazakh.
The subject of research - To bring to a reader all conscious and interior features of the grammatical structure.
The aim of research - to show differences of prepositional phrases in Modern English, Russian and Kazakh.
The task of research-To work out the common principles of grammatical prepositional phrases and the peculiarities of it's construction .
Following methods- of research were used during the writing or reading of the work: research and analysis of importance of grammatical structures in the Modern languages system.
Determined observation on usage of studying materials. The sources of Russian publishing house were also used during writing of the work.
This diploma consists of 65 papers. It has introduction, two parts, conclusion, list of references and appendix.